Solve WiFi connectivity issues – Use 5Ghz frequency

The primary differences between the 2.4 GHz and 5GHz wireless frequencies are range and bandwidth. 5GHz provides faster data rates at a shorter distance. 2.4GHz offers coverage for farther distances, but may perform at slower speeds.

If you live in a condo or an apartment, for example, you probably don’t need 2.4GHz WiFi frequency. I have a lot of IoT at my home and I used to have issues when I used 2.4GHz frequency on those devices.

Typically, WiFi routers come with two frequencies. Make sure that you connect your phones, tablets, and laptops to 5.0Ghz. Here is how I did:

1. Connect to both 2.4Ghz and 5Ghz
2. Set 2.4Ghz to “auto join” off — this way your devices will not auto-join it.
3. Set 5.0Ghz to auto join” ON — this way your devices will always auto join to 5.0Ghz frequency

wifi Netgear router

If you think some devices are far enough to catch 5.0, then set 2.4 for those particular devices to ensure that they are still online.

Ever since I made the changes above, all my Internet of Things devices, phones, tablets, laptops always keep connected.

If you have better suggestions, please comment below and we will discuss.

UAN passbook, UAN number – Help guide

UAN passbook

UAN means Universal Account Number. Every Provident Fund (PF) holder can have a UAN. With a UAN number and hence UAN passbook, the basic idea is to have a one-place for people who have multiple IDs from employee provident fund organization (EPFO). UAN acts as a high-level umbrella. Whenever an employee joins a company, he/she has to fill a “Declaration Form 11” and UAN number is also one of them. Learn below on how to generate UAN Number.

Following are the steps for generating UAN number for getting a UAN passbook:

How to generate UAN number

Following steps will help you generate UAN number.

  1. In EPF form, fill up your state and office area column.
  2. Enter your PF which has been bifurcated into Region/ Office/ Establishment Code/ Ext/ PF Number.
  3. Then select the “Check Status” button. If we receive a message that UAN number is activated, it is clear that EPFO has allotted you as UAN holder.

Features of UAN member passbook:

  • UAN will be an umbrella for those members who have multiple IDs. It will act as one-place for all allotted IDs.
  • EPFO has to be allotted UAN.
  • 17 crore EPF members have been allotted UAN whose contribution was received between 1st January to 30th June 2014.
  • With the UAN, every employer has to tag Member ID.
  • With every UAN, KYC details have to be seeded.
  • The primary KYC’s of UAN are AADHAR CARD, PAN, and Bank A/C numbers.

UAN also has a portal called Unified Portal for EPF. EPFO portal launched this portal on Dec 18, 2016, for UAN passbook holders. This Unified Portal is available at website. This portal has following key features:

  • You can download and print your updated UAN passbook any time
  • Downloading and printing of UAN card is also available any time
  • In this portal you can update your contact details and KYC (know your customer) details
  • Activate your UAN – needed only once
  • Know your UAN status any time
  • UAN portal allows you to register yourself – required only once

Advantages of online UAN passbook

Having a UAN passbook online have the following benefits:

  • Prints your UAN passbook:
    Download PF passbook. You just have to login into UAN portal and download your PF passbook in PDF format.
  • Transfer claim amount:
    Using UAN you can also request for claim transfer, you just have to claim amount by logging into UAN account.
  • UAN Card:
    Download UAN card from the website by logging into your account.
  • KYC Documents:
    You can also update your KYC documents like mobile number, email address, ID proof, and address proof. You just have to upload your documents on UAN passbook or UAN page.
  • List Member IDs:
    UAN account can also help you in listing member’s IDs. Once you log in, you can update your listed Member IDs as well.
  • Check account status:
    If you want to check your provident fund account status then you will  need to login on UAN homepage to check your account status. You can also check your EPF claim status online from your EPFO member portal.

If you have any questions regarding UAN passbook or EPF UAN portal, please write them in comments. I will try to answer them if I can or I will try to provide pointers.

Driving in USA with a foreign license

There’s so much information about getting a driver’s license in the USA for foreign nationals or resident aliens but it gets confusing sometimes because most of the instructions given are for local people. So, I am writing this post to make it easier for foreign nationals. I am an Indian passport holder and on a work visa but you can relate a lot of information on this page for the process of obtaining a drivers license if you are an international person. Also, this is based on my experience in getting a driver’s license in the state of Washington but other states have similar process as far as I know. 

If you have just arrived to the U.S., you can use your valid foreign driver’s license to drive around in The States for a year. However, you should double check to be sure before hitting the road on your own. 

If you are going to stay within the States longer than a year then also get a driver’s license before the period of a year as that would ease up your process of getting a license. Otherwise you will have to go through knowledge test in addition to default driving test. 

I delayed since I didn’t need a driver’s license and only got a State ID to avoid going around with my passport. And since it is more than a year that I am here, I had to first get an instruction permit to drive the car I recently purchased. There’s whole another story to buy a car without having a U.S. license first that you can read here. 

With an instruction permit I can drive around but I have to have a 5 year experienced driver holding a U.S. driver license. It sucks until I get my practice done but at least I am able to drive around until I get a full driver’s license. Some states also need the person sitting with you while you carry an instruction permit to be 25 years or older. 

Getting an instruction permit was super easy – just know the driving rules and give a knowledge test by pre-applying for it online. To prepare for knowledge test, go through the practice test posted here. This site also provides a reason for a wrong answer so you know why which helps not make the same mistake again. Also, some centers allow you to give test for one price any number of times until you pass while some others charge and also have waiting time after two trials. With a one time practice of about 280 questions I was able to clear the test in the first round itself. 

Well that’s about it and I will keep updating this post as I get questions or comments or any furthe important information to add. 

Cheers and drive safe!

Making Viral Videos to Improve Monetization

After enabling your YouTube account for monetizing your video, you should concentrate on making interesting videos that can virally spread over internet through social media. Monetizing Videos is discussed in our previous article.

Tips for making Viral Videos

Keep the videos short length, small video. Short videos are most viewed videos than longer ones. And are virally spread through social media if they are interesting.

  1. Don’t waste viewers’ time by showing them your or your company’s name or any other credits in the beginning. All such things should go to the end or in a way that doesn’t consumes viewers time. It should immediately focus on the subject. This helps keeping them engaged.I love some music cover singers on YouTube and I have noticed that I, as a user, listen to the ones who don’t talk before and after the music and keep it simple. A lot of them talk about subscribing, clicking their links in description or about their own brand which is annoying when someone just wants to listen the music break-free.
  2. Usually funny short length videos attract users and they spread virally. Such videos are either about your pets sleeping, doing some funny act. This type is applicable on children also. People like to view such videos and it’s easy to share with family, friends, colleagues, etc.
  3. Other videos like help videos or tutorial videos are often searched on YouTube. Such videos include help on installing/uninstalling a software, replacing a flat tire wheel, etc.

Example of an Interesting (Funny) Video

This is the best example of a short length video which is funny, solely owned & no piracy content and gets easily popular through social media like Facebook.

Bike Maintenance

Most of us do regular exercise for their physical fitment. We’ll have you ever sat on a sofa set asking yourself a question that why are we taking care of our own body on a day to day basis. Well the answer for this question is of course a big yes. But bike lovers never consider their bikes as one of the part of their body because they mean even more than that. Yes that’s a fact. Well the day starts with cleaning even microns of dust which gets deposited over its surface. Continue reading “Bike Maintenance”

Managerial Followup – How to?

Managerial Followup

Things go wrong when you don’t manage your own stuffs properly. This is applicable right from your bed till you go to bed. However have you ever noticed that when you start your day with a beautiful smile on your face the whole day goes like that. The best thing is to keep yourself cool. Let me come to the topic now. In order to be successful in any company, all you have to do is to make regular followups but in managerial way. As a manager of a particular department you need to manage lot of things together and one of the important thing is Managerial Followup. Continue reading “Managerial Followup – How to?”

Aadhaar Card Information Guide

Aadhaar card or UIDAI card

What is Aadhaar Card?

It is the unique identity number issued by the UIDAI. Each individual can have only
one Aadhaar card as it is linked to their biometrics preventing and frauds or fake
identity. It is more like the Social Security Number of USA citizens.

If you want to check the status of your application, visit my post for a step by step guide to check Aadhaar status online.

Benefits of Aadhaar Card

Uniqueness Only one Aadhaar card will be issued to each individual making it unique.

Portability Since the data is centrally managed, the agencies or service providers will validate the beneficiary’s details through this central system making it portable.

People without any valid Identity will have one now This is one of the major advantage of Aadhaar card. Today, even passports are unique but not that every individual has it. However, Aadhaar card will be issued to each and every individual through the introducers concept.

Easy & Faster Approval & Verification Processes Now, borrowing a loan, creating a bank account, joining a firm will become easier and faster with just one card due to the centralized management of the data by UIDAI.

What information is required to get an AADHAAR number?

Demographic information required:
* Name
* Date of Birth
* Gender
* Address
* Parent/Guardian details (required for children, adults may provide)
* Contact details phone and email (optional)

Biometric Information required:
* Photo
* 10 finger prints
* Iris

Enrolment process for a AADHAAR number

You will need to visit an enrolling agency, fill up an application form, provide Proof of Photo Identity, Proof of Address documents and other supporting documents.

One who does not have any document to prove his/her identity, he/she will require an Introducer for enrollment process.

The agency authorised person will validate the documents provided by you at the time.
And the demographic data will be captured in the system.

Biometrics information will include capturing ten finger prints, both iris scanning and facial photograph. This data will be sent to CIDR.

The biometric information will be checked in the database to ensure that it does not already exists.
If the informatio is not found the database, Aadhaar details will be generated and will be sent to the individual at his/her residence. The Aadhaar number will also be sent to the agency for use in their service database.

If the individual is already in the database, or in case of any other quality/data validation failure the application will be rejected and the person will be informed of the same.

Documents required for Proof of Identity (PoI) & Proof of Address (PoA)

Common proofs of identity and address are:
Election Card, Ration card, Passport and Driving License.
Photo ID cards like PAN card and Govt ID cards are permissible for Identity Proof or PoI.

Address proof (PoA) documents also include water, electricity & telephone bills from the last three months.
In case you do not have above common proofs, Certificate of Identify having photo issued by Gazetted Officer/Tehsildar on letterhead is also accepted as PoI. Certificate of Address having photo issued by MP or MLA /Gazetted Officer/Tehsildar on letterhead or by Village Panchayat head or its equivalent authority (for rural areas) is accepted as valid PoA. Even if someone in a family does not have individual valid documents, the resident can still enrol if his/her name exists in family entitlement document. In this case the Head of Family in entitlement document needs to be enrolled first with valid PoI & PoA document. The head of the household can then introduce other members in the family while they are enrolling.

Who can be an Introducer?

What is Introducer system?
UIDAI recognises that some people particularly children, women, migrant workers, homeless, nomadic tribes, urban poor and others may not be able to produce documentary proof of identity and proof of address. In order to enable inclusion of these individuals for AADHAAR, the data standards committee recommended that the introducer system be created similar to the introducer framework followed by banks for opening bank accounts.

Who can be an Introducer?
An Introducer is a person who is authorized to introduce a resident who does not possess any PoA / PoI documents. The main objective of the introducer system is to enable enrolment of residents into Aadhaar, who are otherwise hard to reach and may not be part of any government database.

Example: Registrar’s employees, elected members, members of local administration bodies, postmen, influencers such as teachers & doctors, Anganwadi / ASHA workers, representative of local NGO’s etc. identified by a Registrar and registered in UIDAI’s CIDR as “Introducers”.

Aadhaar enrollment online

You can book appointment online for Aadhaar enrollment procedure this will help you save time. However, the online booking facility is provided only to select cities as seen in the list of Cities at For example, only Mumbai, Nagpur and Thane are the available options in Maharashtra.

Those who do not find their city in online booking of an appointment for Aadhaar or UDAI Card, refer below.

Aadhaar Enrollment Agencies

There is no list given about the agencies clearly. However, the PDFs present at can be used to find address information of the enrollment agencies.

If you have the acknowledgement slip, you can follow the step by step guide to check Aadhaar status online.

Important Links for Aadhaar Card / UDAI Card

Cleaning Vehicle

A broom is the quickest way to clean snow from a car. You can cut the handle down on the broom and store it in the trunk.
In the glove box, keep a few Handy Wipes to remove gas odor from your hands from filling the tank.
Remove auto grease from hands with baking soda and water.
A hubcap can be used as a shovel if your auto gets stuck in the snow, mud, or sand.
Place a bag of kitty litter in your trunk, in case you get stuck in the snow. Sprinkle some under the tires to get traction.
Make a drip pan to collect oil drips by placing corrugated cardboard in a cookie sheet. Or fill a cookie sheet with kitty litter. Change as needed.
Paint a bright color strip or use luminous tape on center of back wall to aim the car down the center of garage.
If you have poor lighting in garage, place reflector tape on objects that might be hit.
Use carpet strips, foam rubber, or pieces of rubber tire around support studs or framing that car doors open against.
Never warm your car in an attached garage and never with the garage door closed.
When tuning up your car, set the gap on spark plugs using the widest gap that the manufacturer recommends. Your car will run better, idle better, and will give you better gas mileage.
Apply vaseline to battery posts for better contact.
Clean hard to reach areas (dashboard, cup holders) with a dampened sponge tipped paint brush.
If battery terminals are heavily corroded, the quickest and easiest way to clean them is to pour carbonated soft drink over them. It will eat the corrosion away. Baking soda mixed with water will also do the trick.
Laundry pre-wash liquid removes tar from your car’s finish.
Peanut butter has been known to remove tar from car finishes also.
Avoid putting air in your tires if the temperature is below 10 degrees F. The valve could stick and let all of the air out of the tire.
If wipers are beginning to wear down, you can extend their life by rubbing them briskly with sandpaper.
Clean windshield wipers with a good scrubbing of baking soda and water.
A radio antenna will slide up and down easier if a coat of wax is applied occasionally. Wax paper works great for this job. Rub the wax paper up and down the antenna, the wax from the paper will coat the antenna.
Drop a business card (or file card with your name on it) down the window slot in case you ever need to prove ownership.
Line your car trunk with a plastic rug protector to protect the carpeting. It will make clean up easier if dirty or greasy objects are placed in the trunk.
Prevent rust by keeping the underside of your car clean also. Place a lawn sprinkler under your car and turn on full blast. Move occasionally so it will reach all areas. This is a good way to remove all salt and road grime.
Leave one window open a crack to prevent frost from building up on the inside of the window.
If you chip the paint on your car, clean promptly and apply clear nail polish to area to prevent rust.
Remove road salt from carpet with equal amounts of vinegar and water.
Make your own washer solvent that won’t freeze by combining 1 quart of rubbing alcohol, 1 cup of water and 2 tablespoons liquid detergent. This formula won’t freeze down to 35 degrees below 0.
Remove tar from rubber car mats by dabbing a generous dose of linseed oil on tar. Let it soak for about fifteen minutes and blot with a dampened cloth.
If car windows tend to steam up on the inside, carry a blackboard eraser in your vehicle. Wiping the condensation away with the eraser.
Use newspaper to wipe windows dry after cleaning to avoid streaks.
Keep an auto maintenance book. Write down dates that repairs, or maintenance was done. Write down where the work was done or by whom.
On a piece of tape write the mileage down when the next oil change is due. Attach this to your upper windshield or another convenient place to remind you when it’s time to change the oil.
Never wash your car in the sun to prevent streaking.
A dust mop head, worn as a mitten is great for washing your car.
Coca-cola® and aluminum foil will clean rust off your car bumper.
Remove old bumper stickers with lighter fluid. Soak stickers for a few minutes then gently remove with a razor blade.
Clean headlights, chrome and enamel with baking soda.
Steel wool pads with soap cleans white sidewalls the best.
Clean splattered bugs off with baking soda and a nylon net.
When white walls are clean use a little vinyl top wax to keep them clean longer.

How to make computer faster

This article will help you increase your computer speed. It might take a bit long to apply them all but it’s worth it! You will notice the difference after following the steps below to make computer faster.

Caution: Making these changes may disable some of the features (to enhance performance) like CD – Autorun, cool graphics, etc. So, you can selectively choose which features you want to change and which one do not want to. This will help you experience faster speed with your requirements and convenience.

Steps to Make Computer Faster

1. Visual effects should be set to a minimum.

Start > Settings > Control Panel > System > Advanced > Performance

Settings > Visual Effects Tab > Adjust for best performance

2. Switch Off Desktop Background Image

Right Click Desktop > Properties > Desktop Tab > Background None


3. Disable Screen Saver

Right Click Desktop > Properties > Screen Saver > None


4. Disable Disc Indexing Service

Right Click Start > Explorer > Right Click Each Disc > Properties >

Un-tick "Allow Indexing Service to index this disk for fast file



5. Disable Fast User Switching

Start > Settings > Control Panel > User Accounts > Change the way

users log on or off > Un-tick Use Fast User Switching


6. Switch Off Power Schemes

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Power Options > Always On > Turn off monitor and turn off hard disks to Never


7. Switch Off Hibernation

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Power Options > Hibernate > Un-tick Hibernation

8. Disable CDROM Autoplay

Start > Run > regedit > HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE > System >

CurrentControlSet > Services > Cdrom. Set autorun to 0.


9. Disable System Sounds

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Sounds and Audio Devices > Sounds

Tab > Sound Scheme to None.


10. Do Not Map Through Sound card

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Sounds and Audio Devices > Hardware

Tab > (highlight your sound card from the list) > Properties > Audio

Devices > (highlight your sound card from the list) > Properties


11. Disable System Restore

Start > Settings > Control Panel> System > System Restore Tab. Tick

the "Turn off System Restore on all Drives"

12. Disable Automatic Updates

Start > Settings > Control Panel> System > Automatic Updates > Turn

off automatic updating. I want to update my computer manually


13. Startup and Recovery Options

Start > Settings > Control Panel> System > Advanced > Startup and

Recovery Settings > Un-tick Automatically Restart


14. Disable Error Reporting

Start > Settings > Control Panel> System > Advanced > Error Reporting

> Disable Error Reporting


15. Disable Remote Assistance

Start > Settings > Control Panel> System > Remote > Un-tick Allow

remote assistance invitations to be sent from this computer


16. Fix Swap File (Virtual Memory)

Start > Settings > Control Panel > System > Advanced > Performance

Settings > Advanced > Virtual Memory Change > Custom Size. Set initial

and maximum size to the same value


17. Speed Up Menus

Start > Run > Regedit > HKEY_CURRENT_ USER > Control Panel > Desktop

Folder. Set MenuShowDelay to 1


18. Disable Offline Files

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Folder Options > Offline Files

Un-tick "Enable Offline Files"


19. Disable Remote Desktop

Start > Settings > Control Panel > System > Remote > Un-tick "Allow

users to connect remotely to this computer"

20. Disable Internet Synchronize Time

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Date and Time > Internet Time >

Un-tick "Automatically synchronize with internet time server"


21. Disable Hide Inactive Icons

Start > Settings > Taskbar and Start Menu > Taskbar TAB > Uncheck

"Hide Inactive Icons"


22. Disable Automatic Desktop Cleanup Wizard

Start > Settings > Control Panel > Display > Desktop > Customize

Desktop > Un-tick "Run Desktop Cleanup Wizard every 60 days"


23. Disable NTFS Last Access Time Logging (NTFS File Systems Only)

Start > Run > regedit > HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE > System >

CurrentControlSet > Control > Filesystem. Add a new DWORD value –

"NtfsDisableLastAcc essUpdate" and set value to 1.


24. Disable Notification Area Balloon Tips

Start > Run > regedit > HKEY_CURRENT_ USER > Software > Microsoft >

Windows > CurrentVersion > Explorer > Advanced. Create a new DWORD

value called EnableBalloonTips and set to 0.


25. Restart your pc and Enjoy!

If you face any issues to make computer faster, discuss through comments below.